Environmental protection should start with raw materials
Protecting the environment is that human beings consciously protect natural resources and make them reasonably used to prevent the natural environment from being polluted and destroyed; the polluted and destroyed environment must be comprehensively treated to create a life and work suitable for humans The environment. Make people’s lives better. The main contents are: (1) Prevent environmental pollution caused by production and living activities, including the prevention and control of the "three wastes" (waste water, waste gas, waste residue), dust, and radioactive substances discharged from industrial production As well as the noise, vibration, odor and electromagnetic microwave radiation generated, harmful gases, liquids, and noise generated by transportation activities, pollutants emitted by maritime transportation, toxic and hazardous chemicals used in industrial and agricultural production and people's lives, and emissions from urban life Pollution caused by smoke, sewage, garbage, etc.; (2) Prevent environmental damage caused by construction and development activities, including preventing environmental damage caused by large-scale water conservancy projects, highway trunk lines, large-scale ports, airports, and large-scale industrial projects Pollution and destruction, agricultural reclamation and lake reclamation activities, offshore oilfields, coastal zone and marshland development, forest and mineral resources development, damage and impact on the environment, and damage to the environment by the establishment and construction of new industrial areas and new towns , Pollution and impacts. (3) Protect the natural environment of special value, including effective protection of species and their living environment, special natural development history relics, geological phenomena, and landforms. In addition, urban and rural planning, control soil erosion And desertification, afforestation, control of population growth and distribution, and rational allocation of productivity, etc., are also the content of environmental protection. Environmental protection has become one of the common actions and main tasks of governments and people in the world today. Our country treats environmental protection It is declared as a basic national policy of our country, and a series of environmental protection laws and regulations have been formulated and promulgated to ensure the implementation of this basic national policy. (4) Environmental pollution problems have appeared to varying degrees on a global scale. Aspects with global impact include atmospheric environmental pollution, marine pollution, urban environmental problems, etc. With the globalization of economy and trade, environmental pollution has increasingly shown a trend of internationalization, and the transboundary movement of hazardous waste that has emerged in recent years is prominent in this area. which performed.
The development of environmental protection in China
China actively participates in international environmental protection, and has concluded or participated in a series of environmental protection conventions, protocols and bilateral agreements, including: the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and the amendments to this protocol; Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Convention on Internationally Important Wetlands, Especially Waterfowl Habitats and its amendments, Southeast Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Agreement, International Tropical Timber Agreement; Control of transboundary movement of hazardous waste and The Basel Convention on its disposal is a convention for the prevention of marine pollution caused by dumping of wastes and other substances; the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the 1978 Protocol to the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, on the issue of pollution caused by substances other than oil The Protocol on Intervention at Sea, the International Whaling Control Convention, the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage; the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Storage of Bacterial (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and the Destruction of Such Weapons, the Convention on the Substantive Protection of Nuclear Materials, Nuclear The Convention on Assistance in Accidents or Radiological Emergencies, the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, and a treaty that prohibits the placement of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction on the ocean floor and its subsoil.